inclination


inclination
inclination [in΄klə nā′shən]
n.
[OFr < L inclinatio < pp. of inclinare, INCLINE]
1. the act of bending, leaning, or sloping; esp., a bowing or nodding
2. an inclined surface or plane; slope; incline; slant
3. the extent or degree of incline from a horizontal or vertical position, course, etc.
4. the difference in direction of two lines, planes, or surfaces as measured by the angle between them; specif., a property of a line in a plane, being the angle measured from the positive portion of the x-axis to the line in question
5.
a) a particular disposition or bent of mind; bias; tendency [an inclination to talk]
b) a liking or preference
6. any action, practice, or thing, toward which one is inclined
inclinational
adj.
SYN.- INCLINATION refers to a more or less vague mental disposition toward some action, practice, or thing [he had an inclination to refuse ]; LEANING suggests a general inclination toward something but implies only the direction of attraction and not the final choice [Dr. Green had always had a leaning toward the study of law ]; BENT1 and PROPENSITY imply a natural or inherent inclination, the latter also connoting an almost uncontrollable attraction [she has a bent for art, he has a propensity for getting into trouble ]; PROCLIVITY usually suggests strong inclination as a result of habitual indulgence, usually toward something bad or wrong [a proclivity to falsehood ]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • inclination — [ ɛ̃klinasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • inclinacion 1236 ; lat. inclinatio 1 ♦ Mouvement affectif, spontané vers un objet ou une fin. ⇒ appétit, désir, envie, penchant, propension, tendance. « Ses bonnes inclinations s altérèrent » (Chateaubriand). Agir contre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Inclination — in general is the angle between a reference plane and another plane or axis of direction. The axial tilt is expressed as the angle made by the planet s axis and a line drawn through the planet s center perpendicular to the orbital plane. Orbits… …   Wikipedia

  • Inclination — In cli*na tion, n. [L. inclinatio: cf. F. inclination.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an inclination of the head. [1913 Webster] 2. A direction or tendency from the true vertical or horizontal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inclination — I noun affinity, aptitude, aptness, bent, bias, cast, direction, fondness, inclinatio, leaning, liking, partiality, penchant, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudice, proclivity, proneness, propensity, readiness, slant, studium,… …   Law dictionary

  • inclination — of an orbit kingpin inclination …   Mechanics glossary

  • inclination — (n.) condition of being mentally disposed (to do something), late 14c., from M.Fr. inclination (14c.) and directly from L. inclinationem (nom. inclinatio) a leaning, bending, figuratively tendency, bias, favor, noun of action from pp. stem of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • inclination — [n1] tendency, bent affection, appetite, aptitude, aptness, attachment, attraction, bias, capability, capacity, cup of tea*, desire, disposition, drift, druthers*, fancy, fondness, groove*, idiosyncrasy, impulse, leaning, liking, mind, movement,… …   New thesaurus

  • inclination — ► NOUN 1) a natural tendency to act or feel in a particular way. 2) (inclination for/to/towards) an interest in or liking for. 3) a slope or slant. 4) the angle at which a straight line or plane is inclined to another …   English terms dictionary

  • Inclination — (v. lat.), 1) so v.w. Neigung; 2) (Math.), die Richtung einer geraden Linie nach einem bestimmten Punkte, den sie nämlich trifft, wenn sie verlängert wird; 3) (Verschleifung) die in der älteren Dichtersprache gewöhnliche Abkürzung der Wörter, wo… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • inclination — Inclination, Procliuitas, Propensio, Inclinatio …   Thresor de la langue françoyse